京都大学大学院アジア・アフリカ地域研究研究科 COSER Center for On-Site Education and Research 附属次世代型アジア・アフリカ教育研究センター
京都大学大学院アジア・アフリカ地域研究研究科
フィールドワーク・レポート

Characteristics of Obese Women in Mukono, Uganda

Mrs. X’s food stall business at home

Research background

 A double burden of malnutrition exists in Uganda, where levels of overweight in women 15–49 years old have been on the increase since 1995, when first data became available. In 2016, up to 24% of women in Uganda were overweight, compared with 8.9% of men. At the same time, levels of undernutrition among children under five years old remain high despite significant improvements over the years (Figure 1). Overweight women were the most common in the capital Kampala (43.6%) and in other parts of the Central Region. Overweight women were usually older, living in urban areas, more educated, and wealthier than non-overweight women (UBOS, 2018). However, the characteristics of these women that may predispose them to being overweight are less clearly understood.

Research purpose

 This study aimed to examine the characteristics of women that may predispose them to being overweight. A group of women were observed from the time they woke up to the time they went to bed. Everything they did and everything they ate was recorded. Here, I analyze the case of one Mrs. X, whose BMI [1] was 34.4kg/m2 (obese).


[1] Body Mass Index Classification of Body Size by the World Health Organization. BMI=Weight (Kg)/Height(m)2. BMI<18.5=Underweight; 18.5-24.99=Normal; >25=Overweight, >30=Obese

Mrs. X’s tailoring business at home

Results/Achievements

 Mrs. X was a 26-year-old woman who was married with two children. She had a small business that involved selling food from her home. She also sold charcoal and had a tailoring business. Her usual household chores included mopping the house, washing clothes, cooking, washing plates, and arranging trade items in the stall. When she was not doing any of these activities, she was talking to her neighbors. The author observed her for eight days in September 2018. She usually had two meals per day: one in the afternoon between 12:00 and 15:40 and the other in the evening between 19:05 and 20:48. These comprised a combination of an emmele (main dish), such as cassava (which she ate one time), matooke (three times), posho (two times), rice (nine times), and sweet potatoes (one time), and an enva (side dish), such as beans (one time), cabbage (four times), eggplants (four times), groundnuts (two times), meat (two times), and silver fish (one time). The side dish was always prepared by frying unless it was made from groundnut powder. The main dish was usually prepared by steaming after wrapping it in banana leaves unless it was rice, in which case it was boiled. On only two days did Mrs. X have a morning meal of porridge [2] at about 11:00, in addition to the usual two meals. A largely sedentary lifestyle, frequent rice consumption, and relatively few eating occasions that occurred mostly later in the day are some of Mrs. X’s identifiable characteristics with a known relationship to obesity.


[2] A thick gruel made from maize flour

Plans for further research

 The plan is to continue similar observations of several other women to facilitate the identification of characteristics that are common among overweight women.

  • レポート:Seera Georgina(Year of enrollment: AY2016 )
  • 派遣先国:Uganda
  • 渡航期間:August 1st, 2018 to August 29th, 2018
  • キーワード:lifestyle, consumption, eating occasions

関連するフィールドワーク・レポート

レバノン・シリア系移民ネットワークにおける現代シリア難民の動態

研究全体の概要  本研究は、商才溢れるレバノン・シリア系移民が長期間にわたり築いてきた人的ネットワークに注目し、その中で2011年以降のシリア難民の動態と位置付けを探る。レバノンとシリアは1946年のフランスからの独立達成以前は、一括りの地…

現代パキスタンにおけるパルダの実践とその意義/パンジャーブ州の事例

対象とする問題の概要  本研究は、現代パキスタンにおけるパルダの実践を、主に女性に対する聞き取り調査や、参与観察を通して明らかにしようというものである。パルダとは、インド、パキスタン、バングラデシュを中心とした南アジア地域に広く存在する性別…

現代インドネシアにおける社会変容とイスラームの知の担い手/イスラーム的市民社会論の観点から

対象とする問題の概要  インドネシアのイスラームは、人類学者Martin van Bruinessenが「保守転化」と呼んだように、民主化以後その性質を大きく変化させた。この「保守転化」は、インドネシア社会における民主化や市場化、グローバル…

社会のイスラーム化と政治の脱イスラーム化 /新設モスクにおけるイスラーム団体の覇権

対象とする問題の概要  私が対象とするインドネシアはムスリムが人口の88%を占める。1970年代以降、敬虔なムスリムが増加していると言われている。一方で、1998年の民主化以後の選挙結果を見ると、イスラーム系の得票率は増加傾向にない。むしろ…

ガーナの手織り布ケンテのグローバル市場における可能性の探求――博士予備論文執筆にむけた予備調査報告――

対象とする問題の概要  報告者は、アフリカのローカルな経済圏の中にある手工芸品が、グローバル市場で流通することで広がる可能性の探求を目指す。具体的には、ガーナの「ケンテ」という精巧に織り上げられた手織りの布を対象にする。そしてこの布のグロー…

木材生産を目的とする農林複合の可能性 /タンザニア東北部アマニ地域を事例に

対象とする問題の概要  アフリカ諸国では、高い経済成長を遂げたことで、人口が急激に増加している。家屋を建てた後に人々が求めるものは、ベッドやソファなどの家具であり、その材料には耐久性の優れた天然の広葉樹が用いられてきた。しかし、天然林への伐…