京都大学大学院アジア・アフリカ地域研究研究科 COSER Center for On-Site Education and Research 附属次世代型アジア・アフリカ教育研究センター
京都大学大学院アジア・アフリカ地域研究研究科
フィールドワーク・レポート

Hydropower Development and Its Impact on Local Communities in Laos: A Case Study of HatKhip Village in the Nam Ou 2 Hydropower Project

Nam Ou 2 Hydropower Dam site, Source: Google Earth

Research Background

 Laos, a land-locked country located in Southeast Asia, has abundant water resources from its many rivers. In the region, Laos has hydropower as its comparative advantage. Therefore, the country has been eager to build hydroelectric dams and invite foreign investors to invest in the hydropower sector to make use of the water resources and generate revenues for the socioeconomic development. At the macro-level, there may be such benefits from hydroelectric dams. However, the benefits at the micro-level for communities are still being investigated.

Research Purpose

 The purpose of this research is to investigate the conditions of the relocated HatKhip village’s livestock possessions, farming, and food consumption and expenditure. It also includes data on people’s perceptions on the quality of road access, and hospital, among other things. To this end, I created a seven-page questionnaire with 41 questions and interviewed 95 heads of households.

Interviewing a head of household and his wife. Photo by Ms. Thipphavanh, Friday, ‎August ‎24, ‎2018

Results

 Two villages, HatKhip village and HatPhang village, were relocated in 2014 to the Pak Nga village area (see figure 1) which is 10 km and 13 km away from the previous locations, respectively. The project named the new village “Ban Maiphonekham,”, which literally means the new village of the golden hill. However, villagers prefer to continue calling it HatKhip village. The village has 174 families comprising 787 people out which 537 are female. From the interviews and interaction with the villagers, it is obvious that the village has been facing both social and economic problems. Socially, villagers are from different villages that have different religions: Buddhism and animism. Furthermore, the village was separated into two groups due to an issue with compensation. The first group comprises 114 households who have claimed a promised three-year compensation during the transition period. The second group comprises those who do not cooperate in the claim for the compensation. Members of the second group are village committee members or their relatives and are thought to be feared by higher-level authorities such as district or provincial level authorities. Economic issues have arisen due to difficulties in commuting to work because the villages were relocated far agriculture lands. In the new village, they only have land for their houses and were not compensated for agricultural land. In the five years since the relocation, my interviews and interaction with the relocated villagers have revealed no evidence of improvement in the lives of the villagers.

Plans for Further Research

 For future research, I aim to study how the government of Laos channels the national revenues or income from the hydropower sector. This is to understand to what extent the hydropower sector can advance the country’s economy in terms of macro-level benefits.

  • レポート:HETSADA AMITH(Year of enrollment: AY2019)
  • 派遣先国:Laos
  • 渡航期間:August 2nd, 2018 to September 25th, 2018
  • キーワード:Compensation, community livelihood, economic development, hydropower, impact, resettlement

関連するフィールドワーク・レポート

タンザニア半乾燥地域における混交林の形成と利用に関する生態人類学的研究

対象とする問題の概要  市場経済の影響を強く受けるようになったタンザニアの農村では、現金収入を目的とした農地開発が林の荒廃を加速させている。森林面積減少の深刻化を受け、これまでに多くの植林事業がタンザニア各地で実施されてきたが、複雑な土地利…

ブータンからオーストラリアへの国際労働移住―ブータン都市・農村・大学での調査報告―

対象とする問題の概要  グローバル化が進む21世紀の社会において、世界各地の移民現象と移民社会に関する詳細な事例研究を蓄積することは重要な課題である。本研究においては、既往の学術論文で着目されていないブータンからオーストラリアへの国際移住を…

インドネシア・ケイ諸島における 伝統的水産資源管理慣行“サシ”の多角的評価/漁業協力管理体制の構築を目指して

対象とする問題の概要  近年のアジア諸国では急速な経済発展に伴い、水産資源の乱獲が非常に大きな問題となっている。水産資源の持続的利用に向けた取り組み、管理体制の構築は急務であり、国の枠組みを超えて議論が行われている。北欧諸国では、ITQ(譲…

現代ブータンにおける農村起業家/過疎化と就職問題の視座から

対象とする問題の概要  ブータンにおいて以前から若者の高い失業率が問題となっている。ブータンでは近代教育が普及し、高等教育を修了する者が増加したのだが、彼らが求めるホワイトカラー職の雇用は依然として不足している。高等教育を受けた上で故郷の村…

世界遺産白川郷における現代相互扶助制度

研究全体の概要  近年、農村地域の都市化やグローバル化が急速に進み、相互扶助といった人々の共助は失われつつある。そもそも相互扶助という村落慣行は、世界各地の農村地域で古くから行われてきた労力交換や共同労働を指す。白川村荻町には「結」という言…