京都大学大学院アジア・アフリカ地域研究研究科 COSER Center for On-Site Education and Research 附属次世代型アジア・アフリカ教育研究センター
京都大学大学院アジア・アフリカ地域研究研究科
フィールドワーク・レポート

The Social Matrix of Municipal Solid Waste Management in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Scattered solid waste at one of the transfer stations in the research area

Research Background

 The informal solid waste collection service in Addis Ababa has a long history; however, it started operating in a more organized manner before the regional government’s decision to register waste collection as government-supported micro and small-scale enterprises (MSSEs) in 2005 ahead of the national election. This sector contributes significantly to bridge various service gaps in the municipal solid waste management (MSWM) of the city (Bjerkli 2013:1277-1279). The present study was conducted in Wereda (unit of sub-city or a third administrative stratum of the city) 09, Bole sub-city, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Research Purpose

 The purpose of this fieldwork was to map wholesalers of recyclable waste in the study area and identify their roles in waste recycling.

Collected solid waste and a metal container placed next to the waste collection platform

Results

 At the research site, the overall sanitation situation of the area has deteriorated compared to my observation in 2017 and early 2018. The house-to-house municipal solid waste collection service in this area is rendered by share enterprise comprising of 67 sanitation workers. This is done in contractual agreement with the Wereda administration. Waste transportation to transfer stations for secondary collection is supported by five donkeys and a collection truck owned by the sanitation workers. However, in many transfer stations in the area, it was observed that waste accumulated over several days, causing an unpleasant smell. These transfer sites are also used as segregation points since, most of the time, mixed waste is collected from households and then segregated at transfer stations.
 The segregated solid waste is sold to wholesalers in the area, who are often called Diza Bet. These wholesalers can be registered legally, or they may simply work informally. However, their activities in both cases are similar. These local shops are widely known by itinerant junk buyers by the local name Koraliyos, sanitation workers. The Diza Bet play an important role by purchasing different kinds of recyclable items based on market demand. There are six shops of this type in different parts of Wereda 09. The large and well-known ones have better connections with factories and shops in Merkato (the largest open market in the city and Africa)and tend to offer good prices. Accordingly, the small Diza Bet take their items and sell them to the nearby Diza Bet. In conclusion, the development of this recyclable material chain could potentially bridge the gap in motivating the segregation of waste at the source and financially support the provision of services.

Plans for Further Research

 Based on the findings of this study, the author would like to scale up similar research in other parts of the city and identify the existing situation for possible generalization of the city-level trend.

References

【1】Bjerkli, Camilla, 2013. Governance on the ground: A study of solid waste management in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. International journal of urban and regional research 37(4):1272-87.

  • レポート:Haregewoin Mekonnen(Year of enrollment: AY2018)
  • 派遣先国:Ethiopia
  • 渡航期間:June 3rd, 2018 to October 29th, 2018
  • キーワード:Municipal Solid Waste Management, Diza Bet, Itinerant Junk Buyers

関連するフィールドワーク・レポート

現代イランにおけるイスラーム経済の実態/ガルズ・アル=ハサネ基金を事例に

対象とする問題の概要  近年、金融の国際的な潮流のなかでイスラーム経済、イスラーム金融が注目を集めて久しい中、それらの注目はマレーシア、湾岸地域にとどまっており、報告者の着目するイランの実態に関する情報は多くない。また近年マイクロファイナン…

導入品種の受容と栽培 /エチオピア南部ガモ地域におけるライコムギの事例

対象とする問題の概要  エチオピア南部ガモ地域では、約半世紀前に導入されたライコムギが、現在まで栽培・利用され続けている。同じ時期に北部地域にもライコムギが導入されたが、農家に受け入れられなかったという[Yazie 2014] 。ガモ地域に…

ミャンマーにおける農山村地域の生業の変遷

対象とする問題の概要  私はこれまで、ミャンマー・バゴー山地においてダム移転村落に暮らすカレンの人々の焼畑システムの変遷と生業戦略についてフィールドワーク及び論文執筆を行ってきた。ミャンマー国内の情勢は近年大きく変化している。調査対象地の村…

タナ・トラジャの中山間地域の棚田とそれに関わる環境・文化・社会制度の研究 /棚田耕作者の生活に着目して

対象とする問題の概要  棚田とは山の斜面上や谷間の傾斜20度以上の斜面上に作られる水田のことを指す。棚田は平野が少ない中間山間地において、人々が食料を生産するために作り出した伝統的な農業形態である。しかし、棚田は一般的に耕地面積が狭い事や機…